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Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of medical management of peptic ulcer disease found in the catalog.

medical management of peptic ulcer disease

J. A. Louw

medical management of peptic ulcer disease

cure in our time

by J. A. Louw

  • 261 Want to read
  • 4 Currently reading

Published by University of Cape Town in Cape Town .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 14-15.

StatementJ.A. Louw.
SeriesInaugural lecture / University of Cape Town. New series -- no.202, Inaugural lecture -- no.202.
ContributionsUniversity of Cape Town.
The Physical Object
Pagination16p. :
Number of Pages16
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22404108M
ISBN 100799218979

  Peptic ulcer is a break in the inner lining of the esophagus, duodenum or stomach. If peptic ulcer forms in the stomach, it is termed as gastric ulcer, similarly if it forms in the duodenum a duodenal ulcer, and esophageal ulcer if it forms in the esophagus.   The use of diet as an important part of the therapeutic regimen for the patient with peptic ulcer is a deep-rooted practice. In the first century A. D. Celsus prescribed a smooth diet, free of acrid foods at a time when little was known about disease of the stomach, and, as early as the seventh century, A. D., practitioners believed in the healing properties of milk when taken by patients Cited by: 4.

  Peptic ulcer. Author: Shahab Shahid MBBS • Reviewer: Uruj Zehra MBBS, MPhil, PhD • Last reviewed: Peptic ulcer disease usually involves the mucosal lining of stomach or duodenum (first layer of the inner lining of the stomach or duodenum). In chronic condition depth can go to the submucosal layer and sometimes perforate the serosa. Peptic ulcer disease is common condition throughout the world. In United States alone around 4 million individuals are affected. An estima deaths per year occur as a consequence of complication of peptic ulcers. Peptic ulcer can occur at any age, although they are rare in children.

This paper studies peptic ulcer in a typical and most common way by analyzing a relevant case study, providing basic information on the disease, and developing a coherent care plan. In the US, over 15 million of individuals suffer from the peptic ulcer disease today (Torpy, ).   there are two types of peptic ulcer: * gastric ulcers appear on your stomach lining. * duodenal ulcers appear at the top end of the small intestine, an organ that digests and absorbs much of .


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Medical management of peptic ulcer disease by J. A. Louw Download PDF EPUB FB2

Definition Peptic ulcer disease involves ulcers, circumscribed breaks in the mucosa, involving the duodenum (duodenal ulcers), the stomach (gastric ulcers) and less commonly the distal esophagus and the jejunum. Risk Factors Peak incidence of duodenal ulcers (between ages 25 and 50); gastric ulcers (older than age 50) Helicobacter pylori infection altered gastric acid and serum gastrin levels.

Helicobacter pylori infection and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including aspirin are the most important causes of peptic ulcer disease. Cigarette smoking also increases the risk, but—although often alleged—there is little evidence to implicate psychological stress.

Zollinger–Ellison syndrome, which consists of a gastrin-secreting islet cell tumour (gastrinoma. is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started inthis collection now contains interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and chapters.

Abstract. Peptic ulcers remain a common pathology found in the USA. With the identification of Helicobacter pylori and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as major contributing factors in the formation of peptic ulcers, targeted medical management has become much more effective in mitigating severe complications.

The widespread use of H 2 receptor antagonists (H Author: Ashley H. Vernon. Diagnosis and Management of Peptic Ulcer Disease 2nd Edition by Gary Gitnick (Author) ISBN Cited by: 1.

Elective surgery is uncommonly needed for peptic ulcer disease in current medical practice. Currently accepted indications, elective and emergent, for surgery in the management of peptic ulcer disease include bleeding, perforation, obstruction, intractable disease, and suspected malignancy.

peptic ulcer disease: An often painful ulcer/mucosal erosion of cm or greater in diameter in an area of upper GI tract which is normally acidic. Up to 90% of peptic ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori.

Peptic ulcers are usually worsened by drugs (aspirin, other NSAIDs), and occur from the oesophagus to the ligament of Treitz. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Descriptive Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Management and Prevention. BACKGROUND. Peptic ulcer is a break (like a sore) in the lining of the stomach or the upper part of the small intestine [1], with a diameter of at least cm penetrating through the muscularis mucosa.

It is. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is one of the commonest diseases seen throughout the world. There are various risk factors for the development of peptic ulcer disease, but the most important ones are Helicobacter pylori infection and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Patients generally present with dyspepsia or peptic ulcer bleeding. Acid suppressant therapy, H. pylori eradication, and Author: Monjur Ahmed. Patient Care Process for Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) Collect. Patient characteristics (eg, age, sex, pregnant) Patient medical history (personal and family) especially prior history of H.

pylori infection, previous peptic ulcers, or previous upper GI disorders (see Table ). Social history (eg, tobacco and ethanol use) as well as recent medical procedures and stress levels (see Table ).

Download Citation | Medical Management of Peptic Ulcer Disease | Peptic ulcers remain a common pathology found in the USA. With the identification of Helicobacter pylori and nonsteroidal anti.

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is characterized by discontinuation in the inner lining of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract because of gastric acid secretion or pepsin. It extends into the muscularis propria layer of the gastric epithelium.

It usually occurs in the stomach and proximal duodenum. It may involve the lower esophagus, distal duodenum, or : Talia F. Malik, Kevin Singh.

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) refers to ulcerative disorders of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract that require acid and pepsin for their formation. The three common etiologies include: (1) Helicobacter pylori infection, (2) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

With the success of medical therapy, surgery has a very limited role in the management of peptic ulcer disease. Elective peptic ulcer surgery has been virtually abandoned. In the s, the number of elective operations for peptic ulcer disease dropped more than 70%, and emergent operations accounted for more than 80%.

JONES FA, DOLL R, JONES K, WHITE B. Treatment and prognosis of acute perforated peptic ulcer. Br Med J. Jan 17; 1 ()– [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ]Cited by: 3. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is defined as the mucosal break of the upper gastro- intestinal tract due to acid peptic digestion resulting in ulcer formation which extends beyond the muscularis Author: Monjur Ahmed.

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) refers to a defect in the gastric or duodenal mucosal wall that extends through the muscularis mucosa into the deeper layers of the submucosa. 1 PUD is a significant cause of morbidity and is associated with substantial health care costs.

2,3 Although there are many etiologies of PUD, the three most common are (a) H. Diagnosis and Treatment of Peptic Ulcer Disease and H. pylori Infection JULIA FASHNER, MD, and ALFRED C. GITU, MD, Florida State University College of.

Peptic Ulcer JMAJ 46(2): 61–65, Yoshihide NAKAI* and Mikihiko FUKUNAGA *Professor, Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University Abstract: The conventional biomedical model used for medical research and disease management is a linear model in which the cause-effect relationship is Size: 38KB.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Peptic ulcer disease, upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding management 1. Peptic ulcer disease Munkhtulga G. 1 2. Introduction • Burning epigastric pain exacerbated by fasting and improved with meals is a symptom complex associated with peptic ulcer disease (PUD).A peptic ulcer is an open sore or raw area in the lining of the stomach or intestine.

There are two types of peptic ulcers: Gastric ulcer -- occurs in the stomach. Duodenal ulcer -- occurs in the first part of the small intestine.

Normally, the lining of the stomach and small intestines can protect itself against strong stomach acids. But if.If you have a peptic ulcer with an H pylori infection, the standard treatment uses different combinations of the following medicines for 7 to 14 days.

Two different antibiotics to kill H pylori.; PPIs such as omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), or esomeprazole (Nexium).